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Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

THE RACCOONS

427

molars in either half of each jaw. The carnassial teeth are not
typically developed, and the molars are broad and tuberculate.

The tail is long, often prehensile, and often ringed in the dis-
position of its colour pattern. The alisphenoid canal is absent
save in the aberrant A.eLurus. Both condyloid and postglenoid
foramina are present. The members of this family are planti-
grade.

The genus Procyon includes at least two species of Baccoon,
the northern form, JP. lotor, and the South American, P. cancri-
vorus. To these may possibly be added a third, P, nigripes.
This genus is characterised by the length and the mobility of

. 213.  Raccoon.    Procyovi, lotor*     x |>

the fingers, and indeed it uses its hands greatly. It has no
median groove upon the muzzle, which is found in many other
Arctoids ; the ears are moderately large ; the tail is not long,
being about one-third of the entire length of the animal, in-
cluding the tail. The soles of the feet are naked. Its limbs are
very long (for an Arctoid), and this gives to the animal a
bunched-up appearance when walking. There are four premolars
and two molars on each side of each jaw. There are fourteen
pairs of ribs, of which ten pairs reach the sternum. The latter
is composed of nine pieces.
The first-named species has received its name from the fact 
of which there is abundant proof  that it dips its food into
water. As a matter of fact, the animal frequents the margins of
streams, and hunts in the shallow water beneath stones for cray-